One sunny morning in August 1924, the researcher of the Hispanic Society of New York Ruth Matilda Anderson landed in the port of Vigo, along with his father. At this very moment a carefully designed adventure began to take shape.

Archer Milton Huntington founded in 1904 the Hispanic Society of America, museum, public library and educational institution dedicated to the art and culture of the Hispanic world. Huntington determined that his museum would include a photographic archive, considering the incipient technology at that time as a working tool for research. With this objective acquired images and promoted expeditions. None of the photographers who sent to the Iberian Peninsula did better than Ruth M. Anderson. She made two extensive photographic campaigns in Galicia from 1924 to 1926, accompanied in the second by her colleague Frances Spalding, who defined the photographic methodology of the Hispanic Society.

The work of the young Anderson, directed by Huntington, became the search and gathering of evidence of the customs of the Galician people, dedicating itself to the one that was more difficult: to document the life of the people, especially of the zones of complicated access. Until that time, neither the activities of the working population of the countryside and the sea nor the material culture of Galicia had been the focus of attention for photography so exhaustively.


From 11th May to 11th June, 2017



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